Electric Vehicle Terminology
Confused about the terminology surrounding electric vehicles? We've covered the basics to get you up to speed.
On this page:
Above is an example of an electric car description. The descriptions will generally start with the manufacturer, then list the model followed by what is known as the 'derivative' or 'variant'.
The derivative normally details the engine size, turbo details (which may also denotate the fuel type), trim level (the set specification the car comes with), number of doors and transmission type.
For electric cars, the details remain largely the same, however there is now the inclusion of the battery and motor details. The motor (which propels the car) size is listed as a numerical figure in kilowatt units. Generally, this will be the first of two listings making reference to kilowatts.
The battery size (which determines the vehicle's range) is also listed as a numerical figure, however this will be listed in kilowatt hours and is normally shown after the motor size.
Trim level details are usually found between these figures, whilst the number of doors (including the boot lid) and transmission will end the description. The latter will normally be shown as 'Auto' or 'Automatic' for electric models, which have no traditional gears except for Drive, Reverse, Neutral and Park.
Below is an index of key words that you will usually hear when talking about leasing an electric vehicle.
|Battery||The component that stores the electricity, which powers the motor.|
|Charging||The method for adding electricty to the vehicle.|
|Fast Charging||A type of charging station, typically cable of charging at higher speeds.|
|Kilowatt||1,000 watts. The unit of measurement typically used when refering to electric vehicles.|
|Manufacturer||The company that makes the vehicle.|
|Miles Per Hour (MPH)||
1. The unit of measurement for a vehicle's speed.
2. The unit of measurement for the charging speed of a charging station. For example, a 50MPH charging speed means the charging station is adding 50 miles of range every hour.
|Model||The vehicle designation.|
|Motor||The component that propels the vehicle.|
|Range||The distance a vehicle will travel on a single charge from 100% capacity.|
|Range Anxiety||The fear of running out of charge before reaching a charging point.|
|Rapid Charging||A type of charging station, typically cable of charging at higher speeds.|
|Regenerative Braking||A system that uses energy generated from braking to add charge back into the battery.|
|Transmission||Typically manual or auto/semi-auto. For electric and hybrid models, this is normally limited to auto.|
|Trim, Variant or Spec[ification]||The component that defines the standard equipment.|
|Type 2 Cable||A type of charging cable. Typically the most common.|
|Wall box||A unit installed to provide an accessible charging point.|